Organic Chemistry || Class 11 Chemistry || Note

Organic Chemistry

12 Basic Concept of Organic Chemistry  
12.1 Introduction to organic chemistry and organic compounds 
12.2 Reasons for the separate study of organic compounds from inorganic compounds 
12.3 Tetra-covalency and catenation properties of carbon 
12.4 Classification of organic compounds  
12.5 Alkyl groups, functional groups and homologous series  
12.6 Idea of structural formula, contracted formula and bond line structural formula 
12.7 Preliminary idea of cracking and reforming, quality of gasoline, octane number, cetane number and gasoline additive 
13 Fundamental Principles of Organic Chemistry 
13.1 IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds (upto chain having 6carbon atoms)  
13.2 Qualitative analysis of organic compounds (detection of N, S and halogens by Lassaigne's test)  
13.3 Isomerism in Organic Compounds 
13.4 Definition and classification of isomerism 
13.5 Structural isomerism and its types: chain isomerism, position isomerism, functional isomerism, metamerism and tautomerism  
13.6 Concept of geometrical isomerism (cis & trans) & optical isomerism (d & l form) 
13.7 Preliminary Idea of Reaction Mechanism 
13.7.1 Homolytic and heterolytic fission
13.7.2 Electrophiles, nucleophiles and free- radicals 
13.7.3 Inductive effect: +I and –I effect 
13.7.4 Resonance effect: +R and –R effect 
14. Hydrocarbons 
14.1 Saturated Hydrocarbons (Alkanes) 
14.1.1 Alkanes: Preparation from haloalkanes (Reduction and Wurtz reaction), Decarboxylation, Catalytic hydrogenation of alkene and alkyne 
14.1.2 Chemical properties: Substitution reactions (halogenation, nitration & sulphonation only), oxidation of ethane 
14.2 Unsaturated hydrocarbons (Alkenes & Alkynes) 
14.2.1 Alkenes: Preparation by Dehydration of alcohol, Dehydrohalogenation, Catalytic hydrogenation of alkyne Chemical properties: Addition reaction with HX (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), H2O, O3, H2SO4 only 
14.3 Alkynes: Preparation from carbon and hydrogen, 1,2 dibromoethane, chloroform/iodoform only 
14.3.1 Chemical properties: Addition reaction with (H2, HX, H2O), Acidic nature (action with Sodium, ammoniacal AgNO3 and ammoniacal Cu2Cl2) 
14.4 Test of unsaturation (ethene & ethyne): bromine water test and Baeyer's test 
14.5 Comparative studies of physical properties of alkane, alkene and alkyne 
14.6 Kolbe's electrolysis methods for the preparation of alkane, alkene and alkynes
15. Aromatic Hydrocarbons 
15.1 Introduction and characteristics of aromatic compounds 
15.2 Huckel's rule of aromaticity 
15.3 Kekule structure of benzene 
15.4 Resonance and isomerism 
15.5 Preparation of benzene from decarboxylation of sodium benzoate, phenol, and ethyne only 
15.6 Physical properties of benzene 
15.7 Chemical properties of benzene: Addition reaction: hydrogen, halogen, Electrophilic substitution reactions: orientation of benzene derivatives (o, m & p),  nitration, sulphonation, halogenations, Friedal-Craft's reaction (alkylation and acylation), combustion of benzene ( free combustion only) and uses

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