Class 12 English Model Question Solution 2078 || New Curriculum


Compulsory English (ENG. 004)

Grade XII

Model Questions Solution

Full Marks: 75         Time: 3 hours

1. Read the text and complete the tasks that follow.     15

How to stay fit, happy and healthy

If you’ve been listening to the news you already know about our national obesity levels rising by the day. It has never been more important to watch what you are eating and to get an adequate amount of exercise and sleep to keep yourself fit and healthy. Though it may feel like really hard work at first, once you adopt an exercise routine and start to adapt to a new situation, you’ll forget you ever did things differently. Here are the top four top adjustments you could make make:

Sleep is huge and almost a third of the US population doesn’t get near enough to help them stay physically and mentally healthy. If you are sleep deprived, try changing your habits in order to get a full eight hours every night.

Look at what you’re eating now and make changes where you see fit. If you are susceptible to snacking, keep a piece of fruit or a few nuts at hand. The key is to eat small meals throughout the day. Reduce portion sizes, remove white bread and replace with whole grains and make sure each meal contains at least one portion of fruit and – or vegetables. Healthy food doesn’t have to be expensive in the least bit, and you can get an abundance of low priced fruit and veggies, like apples, bananas, potatoes and peas.

Take a look at your current lifestyle and make a small list of everything you do that is not good for your health. This could be anything, from eating too much junk food or drinking too much caffeine, to smoking or drinking. Start the process of breaking these habits one by one. Some will be easy, while others may take months or maybe years to get rid of and eradicate completely from your life, but the sooner you start fighting, the better. 

Some addictions (like smoking, drugs or alcohol) are incredibly bad not only to your health, but also to your pocketbook. If you smoke and/or drink, start by cutting back on how many drinks you have, or cigarettes you smoke, in a day, and if necessary, seek medical advice and assistance to make further steps towards stopping completely.

We all should be doing at least 30 minutes of exercise, 3 to 4 or more times a week, to maintain good health and keep fit. This can be pretty much anything that is physical, like walking, cycling, running, swimming to weightlifting, etc. This too does not have to be expensive, and you can get a great work out without joining any costly gyms. Most of these exercises are inexpensive, and just doing a cardiovascular exercise, like walking, jogging, or walking on a treadmill a few times a week will do your body (and heart) good.

A. Look at the highlighted words in the text. Complete these sentences using them. Two of them are not necessary.       (5×1=5)

 a. Disadvantaged people are deprived of social justice.

 b. Nepal is a naturally rich country. In fact, it has an abundance of natural resources.

c. Older people with medical complications are susceptible to Covid-19.

d. I have made a few adjustments to the design to give the shirt a new look.

 e. It took me seven hours to complete the task. It was incredibly difficult.

B. Choose the appropriate headings for paragraphs 2-6 from the list below and write the paragraph numbers next to them.      (5×1=5)

a. Strive for a better diet Paragraph 3

b. Exercise, exercise, exercise Paragraph 6

c. Overcoming addictions Paragraph 5

d. Get more sleep Paragraph 2

e. Stop all those bad habits Paragraph 4

C. Answer the following questions.      (5×1=5)

a. What percentage of the US population get enough sleep to stay healthy?

Ans: Two third i.e. about sixty six percentage of the US population get enough sleep to stay healthy.

b. Why is healthy food not always expensive?

Ans: Healthy food means to contain at least one portion of fruit and – or vegetables in each meal. We can get an abundance of low priced fruit and veggies, like apples, bananas, potatoes and peas. So,  healthy food is not always expensive.

c. What is the best way to get rid of bad habits?

Ans: The best way to get rid of bad habits is to look at the current lifestyle and make a small list of everything that is not good for health and start the process of breaking such habits one by one.

d. Why do you think an addiction like smoking is worse than snacking on junk food?

Ans: I think addiction like smoking is worse than snacking on junk food because one can out exercise a diet of fast food, but nothing will allow one to escape the harmful effects of the addictive nature of cigarettes. Further, smoking is not only bad for our health but also to our pocketbook.

e. What type of exercise is good for your heart?

Ans: Cardiovascular exercise like walking, jogging or walking on a treadmill a few times a week is good for our heart.

2. Write short answers to the following questions.    (5×2=10)

a. Why were the people in the neighbourhood surprised at the role of the young man and his wife within their family?  (Neighbours)

Ans: The people in the neighbourhood were surprised at the role of the young man and his wife in the family because of the late hour at which the newcomers got up in the mornings. Their neighbours were also shocked by the young man's decision to stay at home and write his thesis while his wife worked outside.

b. How does the author make fun using the words 'America' and 'the USA? (A Devoted Son)

 Ans: The author makes fun of the way people think about America and The USA. The USA Seems like a more weighty and prestigious word to Verma. That's why, he suggested to the family member as well, to call it "The USA" rather than 'America'. According to him, America is just a common nation like Nepal, India. But the USA is such a dream nation of students where students develop their career. Verma feels, calling it 'The USA' feels more sophisticated, disciplined, academic and career building nation rather than America.

c. Explain the following lines with reference to the context: (The Awakening Age)

Along the line may our lives rhyme

To make a loving harvest of space and time.

Ans: According to the given lines, there will be peace, harmony, and fraternity in any country if everyone is joined by a shared sense of nationalism. In terms of race, culture, religion, politics, and economics, there must be no prejudice or division among people. We can lead our country to prosperity by giving up such things. Nigeria is unified, and its people are conscious of their previous sorrows, so they may now enjoy the benefits of love. People's lives in the new world will be so pleasant and full of rhymes.

d. What is the central idea of the essay Knowledge and Wisdom by Bertrand Russell?

And: The central idea of the essay Knowledge and Wisdom by Bertrand Russell is that knowledge the acquisition of data and information, while wisdom is defined as the practical application and use of the knowledge to create value. Wisdom is gained through learning and practical experience, not just memorization.

e. How can you say that history has been a major contested issue in this present world? (Humility)

Ans: I think history has been a major contested issue in the present world due to egoism. Most individuals believe they are the centre of the universe and that their culture is superior to all others. They believe their history is the oldest and that everything is descended or originated from their culture. Because of egoism, history has become a major source of contention in the modern world. The author wishes to remove humanity's sense of superiority and domination.

3. Write long answers to the following questions.    (2X5=10)

a. Sketch the character of Famous Actress. How is she different from Earnest Young Woman? (A Matter of Husbands)

Ans:  The Famous Actress of this play is young and beautiful. She is quite a good actress who works in theatre. She is quite good at acting. She seems so innocent in her outer appearance. But she is quite deceptive and wicked inwardly. Here in this play, she has been suspected and blamed by the Earnest Young Woman. She has a good quality of speech. She defends herself quite tactfully. She convinces Earnest Young Woman with her reasonings. The way she tells stories to prevent a woman from believing that her husband is having an affair with her is cunning and deceitful. She also leads an immoral life which is seen at the end of the story where it is revealed that Alfred, the husband of an Earnest Young Woman, was actually in her house.

The earnest young woman is portrayed as a simple-minded and timid person who was easily deceived by the false story told by the actress. She had come to the actress in tears completely sure that her husband was having an affair with the actress. However, the actress told a story to her of how her husband was trying to regain the love he had for her by doing things to get her jealous. Without asking questions, the earnest young woman believed her and bought into the story. In the end, it was revealed that her husband was actually in the actress’s room. This shows that the actress was cunning while the earnest young woman was timid.

b. Write a short summary of the poem A Day by Emily Dickinson.

Ans: In this poem Emily describes the sunset and sunrise, as a village, and the things in that village. But the poem also describes the difficulties of recognising the world around us. The poem can be divided into two halves: an eight-line section describing the sunrise, and an eight-line section, describing the speaker's lack of knowledge of the sunset. The sunrise is described in terms of a small village, with church steeples, town news, and ladies' bonnets. The sunset, on the other hand, is characterised as the gathering home of a flock. In this poem she probes nature's mysteries through the lens of the rising and setting Sun. Emily begins by emphasising that she is going to tell her audience 'How the Sun rose.' She symbolically compares the Sun's rays to ribbons that are let loose one at a time. The colourful rays slowly untangle over the ocean where the church steeples seem to 'swim in Amethyst.' As the bright fire of the Sun appears, the darkened blackness first turns blue, before taking on its brightness in the full glow of the Sun. Then suddenly the Sun's appearance spreads quickly. Emily then tells us how the entire nature is waking up and colour can be seen as far away as the hills, while the birds have started to sing. Emily then emphasises in her surprised musing, 'That must have been the Sun!' It seems as if she was seeing it for the first time and wondering at the effect the mere rising of the Sun has had on all that she sees. Though when she says that 'But how he set, I know not' leads the readers to some drama and ambiguity about her thoughts. It seemed to her that as the sunset, she saw 'a purple stile' where little Yellow boy and girls were climbing.' She sees children climbing over a barrier, possibly going home after a day of tending sheep or perhaps simply on their way home from school. After climbing the stile, the children finally reach the other side, which signs the lowest point of the Sun before it disappears to rise again in the other world. And what causes the Sun to finally disappear is that a or perhaps even a householder shepherd closes a gate and leads away the flock of children or perhaps sheep. At this point, the speaker would be in darkness and have no idea what happens next.

4. What is the most useful thing that you have ever learnt? Write two or three of paragraphs about it.         7

Ans: The most important thing I have learned in my life is that life is too short to be sad all the time. Neither can you face life’s journey on your own. Of course I wouldn’t be saying that if it was a year ago.

My life started to slow down when I got to my 9th grade year. I thought that every day I was just living for no reason. I was always sad and never had any friends. My mom would always ask me why I never smiled. I couldn’t really give her an answer. I was scared to tell her that I didn’t have a reason to be happy, so I told her that she was wrong, and I did smile. I knew I was lying to myself, but I said it so many times it became real to me.

I felt like the worst kid a parent could have. I never tried out for any sports and I wasn’t involved with any clubs. I loved to sleep and listen to music in my room for hours. I was isolating myself from the world. I started to feel like no one cared about me. After all, I never had a conversation lasting for more than a few minutes, without it ending in an argument.

All my relationships started to fail. My parents seemed to get angrier at me. I felt like everyone hated me because I was sad. I wished I could be happier, but I really didn’t have a reason to. I started to feel comfortable being sad and I really didn’t want to go back to being my old self.

Things just went more down hill from there. People would come into my life and break me down. They would promise me the world, and then crush me so bad I could never pick up the pieces. I started to hate the world. I definitely didn’t want to have anybody in my life.

Then one day came when I finally realized what was going on. I knew if I kept living my life this way something bad was going to happen. I definitely didn’t want that. So, I thought of ways to get out of it. A lot of bad things came up that I tried and didn’t work.

Then I started searching for the solution if the problem. I started gaining self confidence. I started searching in social media about it. Later, I realized that I needed meditation. I started meditating which made me feel lighter. It took away all my pressures and anxiety. I started realizing the meaning of life. Because of it, I am here now and sharing my experience. Thus, the most important thing I learnt in my life is self confidence and love toward life.

5. You have received this email from your friend Nitesh.

From: Nitesh

Subject: Holiday

Some school friends of mine are visiting your village soon for a week's touring holiday. They would like to travel around about your local area and understand its history. Can you tell me about some of the places they could visit please? What's the best way to travel around – bus, car, bike or on foot?



Write a reply email to Nitesh.        8


From: Anupam
To: Nitesh
Subject: Re: Holiday

Hi Nitesh!

Lovely to hear from you and how exciting that some of your school friends are coming!

Your friends have  picked a great area for a week’s touring holiday. Our village Pokhara is full of touristy places.

There are many natural and cultural things to see in Pokhara. Talking about lakes and waterfalls, the first lake they can visit is Phewa Lake. Phewa lake is surrounded by the forests and white peaks. The clear reflections on the water is something they must see. Away from all the city hustle lies another beautiful lake. Begnas Lake is quite and very peaceful. The walk along this lake is quite rejuvenating. David Fall is another attractive place to visit.

Pokhara has different caves to visit like Mahendra Cave, Bat Cave and Gupteshwor Mahadev Cave. Besides Pokhara is rich in terms of  religious temples like Barahi and Bhadrakali.

Your friends can do adventures like hiking, trekking, boating and paragliding in Pokhara.

As for food, there's quite a variety here. I'd recommend trying Green Momo and Thakali khana– they're both really typical foods. They can also eat well and cheaply at street markets. They should definitely check them out.

As for travelling, I’d recommend travelling on foot in order to get full experience of Pokhara. However,  it is not bad to travel by car or bike.

Can't wait to see them all!


6.  Many  students  in  Nepal  tend  to  choose  to  study  abroad.  To  what  extent  does  this  trend benefit  the  students  and  the  country?  What  are  the  drawbacks?  Write  an  essay  to explain  your  thoughts in  about 300  words.       10


Advantages and Disadvantages of Studying Abroad

Studying abroad, for many students in Nepal, sounds like a dream come true. The opportunity to travel and experience a new way of life can be a great opportunity. While studying abroad brings many benefits to students and the country, it also has a number of disadvantages.

It helps in turning education into an adventure. Change is always good though it is change for further study it will add more adventure in your life while adjusting with the new circumstances. Studying abroad helps add a special plus point in your resume. Most of the MNC gives opportunities to those who have abroad study experiences. After this students will have better employment prospects. 

Choosing study abroad helps students to meet several nationalities and you can learn some inspiration from their life. As the students will be in new circumstances, the mix of new cultures, traditions,  languages helps you to learn a lot about the new culture and traditions. Abroad study helps in developing independence level. As much as they stay alone far from your home country,  it makes you more independent and responsible.

Definitely as compared to Nepal other countries have advanced teaching and learning systems. You can learn new techniques if you seek education abroad. As focused on career, study abroad opens a lot of opportunities in a good pay ratio. Not only in the international market but also in their own hometown they will get good recognition. Also it opens ways to run own business. During the course of study students can get opportunities of interacting with top successful people in the field of study. Top universities hire them to motivate them for the successful future ahead. Whenever they choose abroad for further study, they choose the option of meeting international friends. This increases a lot of networks among the cross cultural friends.

Only education is not enough for making your career successful you must have personal traits too to accomplish your goal. And more than study you will get a chance to develop your personal skills. Along with the study you will get a chance to work there also. Working In the international market helps in exploring the foreign countries working style and helps in adopting the foreign experience. This this sense, Nepal gets skilled manpower.

However, there are some drawbacks of studying abroad.

The cost of education in abroad is comparatively higher than that of studying in home country. While applying also students need to arrange a lot of money for getting admission as well as a visa. As they need to invest a lot for further study, their hopes and expectations also rise as per their investment. After completion of their study they will think or expect something more than getting graduation from their own country. 

The next demerit is language barriers. As in abroad they give first priority to their own language then after English. So if they IELTS or can communicate in English then also theg may feel a barrier of language in the early phase of study.

As they need to face different cultures, sometimes while learning or adopting new culture they may adopt some unethical things in their home country. So somewhat students should be very conscious of what is right and wrong for him. As they will be abroad will be far from the friends, family and relatives and makes them feel lonely and homesickness may affect them. In a new place you may face racism and harassment. In such a situation they need to be strong enough and try to avoid the things.

Most of the students don’t return Nepal after going abroad for foreign study. They settle themselves in foreign country which is a matter to think.

Although, studying abroad has infinite advantages for both students and country, it has few disadvantages too. It depends on how students take it.


7.  Do as indicated  in  the  brackets and  rewrite  the  sentences.    (10×1=10)

 a.  I’m  going  to tell  you something  very  important, so  please  listen carefully (Complete  the sentence  with an appropriate adverb.)

b.  The  old man died of a  heart  attack. (Put  the correct preposition in the blank.)

c.  More than  one  person  is  going to have  to find a new  job. (Put the  correct verb in the blank.)

d.  You'll  have to (has to/have  to/must/had to)  tell the  police  that  your house  was broken into. (Choose  the  correct option from the bracket to complete  the sentence.) 

e.  He only  realised he  had lost his keys when he  reached  his front door. (Complete the sentence  using correct forms of verbs: lose)

f. A lot of people are  worried about losing (to lose/losing) their jobs. (Choose  the correct option from the bracket to complete  the sentence.)

g.  Although the AC was on, the room was not  cool.  (Put a correct conjunction in the blank to complete the  sentence.)

h.  Between 2000 and 2005  she wrote  three  novels,  none of which (neither of  which/none which/none of  which)  were  published.  (Choose  the  correct option from the bracket to complete the  sentence.)

i. I  like  people laughing  at  me. (Change  into passive.)

Ans: I like being laughed at.

j. Could  you please  open the  window?  (Report  this  with the reporting clause:  She requested ………..)

Ans: She requested me to open the window.


8.  Choose  and  copy the  correct answer.       (5×1=5)      

a.  Which of  the following  words has a different initial sound?

 i. check   ii. chess  iii. chemical   iv. chairman

Ans: iii. chemical

b.  The  last sound in the word 'push'  is transcribed as

 i. /ʃ/    ii. /z/   iii. /s/  iv. /tʃ/     

Ans: i. /ʃ/

 c.  I  can't ……….. the  pain.

 i. bare     ii. bear  iii. beer    iv. bore

Ans: ii. bear

d.  Which word would  you find in a  dictionary  that comes between the  guide  words: kiwi … knit?

 i. king     ii. Kitty    iii. knob     iv. knife

Ans: iv. knife

e.  The  babysitter  ……….. the  girl while  her parents  were  not at home.

i. looked after     ii. looked at  iii. looked over   iv.  looked up

Ans: looked after





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